CHAH MIANA-MIANWALI

CHAH MIANA-MIANWALI

CHAH MIANA-MIANWALI

The village of Chah-e-Mian is a treasure trove of cultural and historical heritage and has its own distinct historical identity. This village contains the painful stories of the reign of disbelief of Dhanuran, the arrival of the Arab invading Companions, the camp of the ruling Sher Shah Suri, the visit of the Sufis, the Partition of 1947. The northwestern and southern part of Chah Miana consists of Thal, a small desert. The southern and western parts consist of dunes. In the western part, sand dunes contain fragments of ancient pottery, incendiary stones, and spices used in buildings.

LOCATION OF CHAH MIANA

The village is situated on Muzaffar Garh, Multan Road, at the distance of 07 KMs from Mianwali city. In the west of the village, at distance of 01 KM River Indus is flowing.

DHANNU RAAN TO CHAH MIANA
HISTORY AND HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE

The village Chah Miana is an important and historic village of Distt Mianwali, Earlier this land was called with the name of “ Dhannu Raan”. CHAH MIANA was having lot of importance for mianwali city In 7th century, due to fort which provide protection to the city.

In the reign of Hazrat Ameer Mua’avia(R.A),Hazrat Abdul Rehman bin Samra (R.A) was commander of Iran and Hazrat Mohlab bin Abi Samra (R.A) was his under command. In 44 Hijri, 665/66 AD, Hazrat Mohlab(R.A) Proceeded towards Hindustan.

After conquering Kabul, he entered into Hind through the passages of Mianwali and Bannu, and on his way, he conquered some places. He also invaded “Dhannu Raan” and the result was fruitful.

Arab after invading Kabul, they used the passages of Mianwali and Bannu and it would be justified to call Bannu and Mianwali “BAAB-UL-ISLAM”.

This land is also honored with arrival of “ Sahaba” after “Hazrat Mohlab” (R.A) invasion , this city was ruined and except mounds and trees nothing would found, but aftermath of Dhannu Raan” destruction still persist in the shape of old stones used to lit fire, clay pots and fragments of bricks.

This village contains an old well, made by Sher Shah Suri (1535AD) with the passage of time well dumped by sand storm. In 1850 AD, Mian Murad came to the village; he was from the creed of Hazrat Mian Ali, the founder of Mianwali. Mian Ali was a saint.

He had kept goats at the place where remaining of the well were sighted, Mian Murad dug. This well again, from which water was pulled up through bullock wheel. Mian Murad used to make ablution with the water of well and after his prayer on a specific place, called “Thalla” Mian has another “ Thalla” near Govt Girls Primary School.

Mian Murad has founded a mosque and after his death, his son Mian Ali Noor completed the task of mosque. This mosque is an eminent architectural asset. Width of wall of the mosque is 2 ½ feet and doors used in it are engraved and incited.

TRIBES OF CHAH MIANA

There are many tribes residing in the village, there names are:-

Miana, Gharkial, Awan, Darhal, Khangahi, Khokar, Niazi, Watto, Lingah.

Chronologically these tribes came into this village in the following order:-

In the first decade of 18th century, Gharkials came here and started dwelling on the mound in the north. Gharkials were followed by the Awan, there livelihood was breeding animal.

Gharkial and Awan came from eastern side, and Darhal as well. Almost all the persons of Darhal settled in “ Sohrab Walla” but a few came into this village

In 1858 A.D “ Miana Family” as well as Khangahi tribe arrived at.

British started to lay railway track, labours from Okara came to Kundian for laying of track after completing of railway track, these labourer permanently settled in Chah Miana and Kundian.

In 1964 A.D, when job was started on Chashma Barrage, Niazi, Lingah, Khokar started dwelling in the village slowly and gradually their arrival stopped in 1974 A.D.

IMPORTANT PLACES IN CHAH MIANA :-
SHER SHAH SURI WELL

The village Chah Miana contain a well which was dug by Sher Shah Suri , but with the passage of time, it was dumped with the sand, and went to an extinction. Hazrat Mian Murad Wand rebuilt this well. In Persian well is called “Chah” and that’s why this well is called Chah Miana named after its maker from Miana family. In saraiki well is called “Khoh”

GRAVE OF HAZRAT MIAN ALI R.A

He had kept goats at the place where remaining of the well were sighted, Mian Murad dug. This well again, from which water was pulled up through bullock wheel. Mian Murad used to make ablution with the water of well and after his prayer on a specific place, called “Thalla” Mian has another “ Thalla” near Govt Girls Primary School.

THALLA OF HAZRAT MIAN MURAD WAND R.A

Mian Murad has founded a mosque and after his death, his son Mian Ali Noor completed the task of mosque. This mosque is an eminent architectural asset. Width of wall of the mosque is 2 ½ feet and doors used in it are engraved and incited.

GOVERNMENT PRIMARY SCHOOL CHAH MIANA 

In 1926 A.D British Government made a Primary School in the village. Classes in this school were held either under a shadowy tree or then under a thatch. After some time the school was built with raw bricks, after independence which was renovated.

Application for admission of a Hindu in Chah Miana Primary School before the foundation of Pakistan

First Madras Chah Miana ,Enroll my brother Masmi Tara Chand in your school whose data is listed.  He has never been to a school before. 1929-06-01-Kewal Ram Wald Tara Chand- (Peda Ram by himself) . Old Chacha Middle School Record of 27-11-1930

Student Name: Dewan Chand , Father’s name: Ram Chand ,Date of birth: 1925 ,Caste: Galati Hindu Profession: Shopkeeper , Residence: Moderate , Signature of father or guardian: By Remal Das himself  (27-11-1930)

Before independence it was the one and only school in the village, and people from the nearby villages used to come for education. This school has kept the record of all students since 1926 A.D up till now.

People like:-  Kesur  Das S/O Sobha Raam , Cost = Gulati,Date of Birth= 04-01-1928, Registration No=101,Date of Admission = 20-01-1931,  Some other Hindus students were   Manohar  Laal , Fateh Chand ,  Otam Chand ,  Paira Raam,  Niraen Das ,Prof. Ghafoor Shah Qasim had educated from the said School.

The late Sufi Sher Muhammad Shah was one of the most capable teacher of Government Primary School Chah Miana .He has been performing his educational services before and after the establishment of Pakistan. He belonged to Mianwali district of Swans. He was very accessible in Persian. His son Prof. Ghafoor Shah Qasim Sahib also received his early education from the same school in Chah Miana.

 Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY –

CHAH MIANA -MIANWALI

Dr. A. Q. Khan Institute of Technology is also located in CHAH MIANA which is providing  affordable and accessible, high quality education in the field of engineering and technology appropriate for the region and the country. The Institute is committed to equip the students with basic skills and knowledge through student-centered academic environment that combines innovative classroom teaching with experiential learning which prepares students for professional success and responsible citizenship. For more information about Dr. A. Q. Khan Institute of Technology click here

OCCUPATIONS OF PEOPLE OF CHAH MIANA 

Almost all the people of the village are blue collar people, some of them are serving in government and private firms also, but people of the village are excited to join Pak Army and Police, a few people are abroad and rest of people do farming.

DEMOGRAPHY OF CHAH MIANA

The Population is about 2000 people consisting different tribes and .British started to lay railway track, labors from Okara came to Kundian for laying of track after completing of railway track, these laborer permanently settled in Chah Miana and Kundian.

In 1964 A.D, when job was started on Chashma Barrage, Niazi, Lingah, Khokar started dwelling in the village slowly and gradually their arrival stopped in 1974 A.D.

Before the independence, some Hindu families were also living there, and they were Gullati in cost. These Hindus were business minded, their trades were that of animals, flour mills and gold.

Name of some Hindus living in the village are:-

Sobha Raam, Manohar Laal (Manohra), Remal Das ( Remla), Fateh  Chand (Phatna), Paira Raam. Muslims treated Hindus of the village in a mannered way. Both Hindus and Muslims would necessarily attend each other’s, parties, death, marriages and others traditional activities. Culture of both Hindu, Muslim was might for example:-

Muslim used to wear “Dhoti” and Muslim women used to wear “Sarhi”. Same is the case with

Hindus , they were also greatly effected by our culture and tradition , for example :-

Hindus used to pay honour to our holy month Ramadan, on the Eid day, they also used to wear new dresses, a Hindu named Kaka used to eat cow meat in a hide.

After independence they departed but had left some customs and influences even now some word from Hindi Language are spoken here, e.g:-

Chola (Shirt), Maas (Meat), Deedi (Sister) , Satia naas (Destruction), Chinta (worry).

In the west of the village Indus River, Jarneli Road, Muazzam Nagar and Sunbal Hameed are situated.The western side is covered of Thall completely Both banks of Indus River were passages for Ariya, Kashan, Drawar, Mughal, Mangols, Ghori, Sultan Mehmood Ghaznavi, Ameer Taimoor,Nadir Shah, Sher Shah Suri, Jalal-ud-din Khawarzim when escaped from Changaiz Khan’s invasion came into Mianwali through the eastern bank of Indus River.

 OLD TOBA (POND) CHAH MIANA 

This Toba was excavated by Hazrat Mian Murad Vind in the 1850s. This was the time when there was no source of water in Chah Miana. It was filled with rain water which was used for drinking by the villagers. The length and width of this toba was about 15×7 meters. And its depth was close to 4.5 feet.
Some time later, Hazrat Mian Murad Vand dug a well for the burial of Sher Shah Suri and the clean water of the well was used. After that, for a long time, this well was used only for watering the animals and at that time in the village The boys used to come to Toba to learn how to swim and take a bath. There was a time when there was a rush here and now this Toba is full of mud. The vicissitudes of time have distorted its form, but it still retains the forgotten memories of the past. I pass by feeling.(For further verification, see “Level of Sultani”.) (This repentance is in front of Dr. Ismatullah’s clinic).

PROMINENT PEOPLES OF CHAH MIANA 


ALHajj Hazrat Pir Syed Mian Muzaffar Ali-Shah Al-Hasani and Al-Husseini Al-Gilani Al-Qadri

Rare picture of Hazrat Pir Syed Mian Muzaffar Ali Shah Sahib

Haji Mian Muhammad Afzal (Chah Miana)

May Allah exalt your ranks. You have been the leader of Chah Miana Jirga. He was a social figure who reconciled many animosities. He is the father of Haji Mian Javed Sahib and the grandfather of Mian Ahmad Hassan. After him his son Haji Mian Javed Sahib is the leader of the jirga.

Mian Muhammad Sher Sahib
Astana Alia Chah Miana

Mian Munir Ahmad Miana (late)

An old commemorative photograph of Chah Miana taken on the occasion of the death of Hazrat Mian Sultan Akbar in 1976 in which these persons were also present.

1. Noor Ahmad alias Lala Vada Khangahi late,2. Mian Bashir , 3. Mian Allah Bakhsh late alias Mian , Bishkaya , 4. Mian Zafar , 5. Mian Riaz , 6. Rabbani Khangai , 7. Shamir alias Bhai Shamir Khangai , 8. Late Mian Sher Zaman , 9. Razzaq Lahra , 10. Noor Mohammad Mochi, alias Ratro ,11. Ramzan son of Murad Khangai late 12. Hazrat Mian Feroz late 13. Mian Razzaq Mianwali .

A rare picture of the elders of the middle family of Chah Miana.

1. Mian Ata Muhammad son of Mian Fazal Ali ,2. Mian Fazl Ali son of Hazrat Mian Ali Noor , 3. Mian Sher Zaman son of Mian Fazal Ali

GLIMPSES OF CHAH MIANA

PROBLEMS OF CHAH MIANA AS PROPOSED BY PEOPLE  OF CHAH MIANA

 

DATA ABOUT CHAH MIANA PROVIDED BY ZAKA MALIK WHO TRULY LOVE HIS MOTHER LAND AND WANTED TO TELL THE WORLD ABOUT CHAH MIANA .Mianwali.org is thankful to him for His whole hearty support and sharing of data .

 

ZAKA MALIK WORDS

ABOUT BLOG FOR CHAH MIANA

Assalam o alaikum!
Two things inspired me to create this blog, one – my interest in history since child hood and the other – a wish to preserve history of my village. I am indebted to this soil and wanted to repay by doing something for it. Whatever I have done so far is still a thirsty work and I don’t feel that I have even paid a very small portion of the debt I owed to my soil. At least I have put my share and started a tradition.
This blog is undoubtedly the first blog site to preserve culture and history of this village. This is ever first work on Chah Miana, there has been written neither any book nor uploaded even a single page information on internet about Chah Miana.
I have tried to save its journey from Dhanoo Ran to Chah Miana. I believe that it’s our duty to preserve history and to pass it onto the coming generations in its original form,I have tried my level best to provide references of the incidents from the books. I have also narrated some incidents which are transferred from generations to generations and don’t have any bookish reference.

I am very much thankful to Abdul Qayyum Sahib, The Principal Govt Elementary School, Chah Miana, who cooperated beyond limits, proving his utmost love for Chah Miana. Without his cooperation, this work would take much more time than what we expected. In the scorching heat of June, to go to grave yard, to read the grave stones, to take snaps, to wander around hot dunes, to collect the relics of old civilization, to open dusty school record of British Times and to send them for binding and scanning, to have meetings with old people and to note down their memories, in all that valued cooperation of Abdul Qayyum remained with us.  Best Regards . Muhammad Zaka Malik             

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