Back to business, today we examine some combinations of the word UNDER.
1. I have undertaken to teach you English in a new, easy way.
( undertake = take responsibility to do something ).
2. He told me the troubles he had undergone during his service.
( undergo = experience/ suffer/ go through )
3. The teacher underlined the importance of reading for learning a language.
( underline = emphasize / stress )
4. He is a hero only to his underlings, otherwise he has nothing heroic in his character.
( underling = devotee چمچہ )
5. As the meat was underdone, I didn’t eat that dish.
( underdone = not fully cooked ) 9 April 2018
Our friend Zakaullah suggested some more combinations of UNDER. Our task today is to use those combinations in sentences, Here are some of them.
1.The terrorists belong to the underworld.
( underworld = criminal world )
2. Overwork undermined his health.
( undermine = weaken / suppress )
3. India shouldn’t underestimate the military power of Pakistan.
( underestimate = misjudge / miscalculate )
4. The undercut price of this car is Rs 700000.
( undercut = concessional / reduced ) 10 April 2018
Some more combinations of UNDER:
1. Failure in the examination underlies his angry mood.
( underlie = to be the cause of )
2. The work on the new road is underway.
( underway = going on / in progress )
3. The teacher underscored the need of hard work.
( underscore = emphasize / stress )
4. The underdog cannot afford to live in comfort.
( underdog = poor person )
5. Do not underrate his services to the nation .
( underrate = disregard / undervalue ) 11April 2018
The word UP also has several combinations. For instance :
1. His upbeat mood showed that he had some good news to reveal.
( upbeat = cheerful / happy / hopeful )
2. The teacher should take special care of students who are slow on the uptake.
( uptake = understanding )
3. The factory manager called in the police to handle the uprising.
( uprising = revolt / agitation )
4. Are you prepared for the upcoming examination ?
( upcoming = in near future )
5. This old house needs regular upkeep.
( upkeep =maintenance / repairs etc )
00000 : By the way, are you satisfied with this way of teaching ? 12 April 2018
And now some phrases made with the word UP.
1. The doctor told him he would be up and about in just a week.
( up and about = fully recovered / normal )
2. You look worried. What’s up ?
( what’s up = what’s the cause of worry )
3. The people of Kashmir are up in arms against Indian occupation.
( up in arms = agitating / protesting / fighting )
4. I don’t know what he’s up to.
( up to = doing secretly )
5. He resigned because he was not up to the job.
( up to = capable / competent / fit )
6. It is up to you, to take this offer or refuse.
( up to = choice ) 13 April 2018
Some interesting combinations of the word WITH :
1. My CV is attached herewith.
( herewith = with this letter/ application ).
2. The bell rang, and the lesson came to an end therewith.
( therewith = with that / with it )
3. He picked up his bag, and left the room forthwith.
( forthwith = immediately )
4. When the Pak forces advanced, the Indian forces withdrew.
( withdraw = move back / clear the area )
5. I cannot withhold anything from my friends.
( withhold = conceal / hide / refuse to tell ) 16 April 2018
Today we start studying Phrasal Verbs.
A Verb can give various meanings when followed by one or more Prepositions / Adverbs.
Such a combination ( Verb + Preposition / Adverb ) is known as Phrasal Verb. Let us see how the Verb ASK gives various meanings in Phrasal Verb form.
1. I went to ask after the health of my ailing friend.
( ask after = inquire about , ailing = ill /sick )
2. Please ask around why the water supply in our street is gone dead.
( ask around = ask several people )
3. The workers asked for a raise in their pay.
( ask for = demand )
4. I have asked some friends to tea this evening .
( ask —- to = invite )
5. He asked two days off to attend a relative’s marriage.
( ask—- off = request for leave / take leave ) 18 April 2018
Here are some uses of the Verb BEAR in Phrasal Verb form :
1. The robber bore down on him before he could run away.
( bear down on = attack / threaten violently )
2. This exercise also bears on BA English course.
( bear on = relevant to )
3. I bear out your statement about the cause of your failure.
( bear out = support / confirm )
4. You must bear up against this hard situation.
( bear up = face with courage / not to lose heart )
5. We have to bear with the faults of children.
( bear with = tolerate / bear patiently ) 19 April 2018
Now see some Phrasal Verbs made with the word BRING.
1. Dishonesty brought about his ruin in business.
( bring about = cause)
2. My strong opposition to his decision brought him around to give it up.
( bring around = to convince someone / to make someone agree )
3. His letter brought back sweet memories of our stay in Murree.
( bring back = remind )
4. His new business brings in enough for his needs.
( bring in = to produce income )
Some more Phrasal Verb uses of BRING tomorrow, InshaALLAH. 20 April 2018
Some more Phrasal Verbs containing BRING :
1. The chilly wind brought on my cough and fever.
( bring on = cause illness / disease )
2. Kitab Mahal Publishers have brought out my new book .
( bring out = publish )
3. The timely injection brought the patient round.
( bring round = restore / cure )
4. He could not bring off the change he wanted.
( bring off = manage to do successfully ) 21 April 2018
Thanks to the cellphone, the word CALL has become a part of every language spoken in Pakistan ( Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Pushtu etc ). But it also has some other meanings in Phrasal Verb form. For instance :
1. Let’s call at Aslam’s.
( call at = visit somebody at his house )
NOTE : Aslam’s means Aslam’s house. No need to say house. Just an apostrophe ‘s is as good as the word house.
2. The students called for a holiday.
( call for = demand )
3. I was told that the meeting had been called off.
( call off = cancel )
4. He called out for help, but nobody came to his rescue.
( call out = cry out loudly )
More Phrasal Verbs tomorrow, InshaALLAH. 23April 2018
The Verb COME makes several Phrasal Verbs. For instance :
1. I was there when this incident came about.
( come about = happen )
2. He came across an old friend on his way to office, and invited him to have a cup of tea.
( come across = meet suddenly )
3. I am going to attend a music function. Come along, if you like.
( come along = invitation or suggestion )
4. He took to his heels, as he saw the robber coming at him.
( come at = attack / threaten —- took to his heels = ran away )
5. He came by this house at a pretty easy price.
( come by = get / find )
( To be continued tomorrow, InshaALLAH ) 24 April 2018
Some more Phrasal Verbs made from COME :
1. His father came down on him for his negligence.
( come down on = punish / snub severely )
2. He came into this posh house through his father.
( come into = inherit )
3. His marriage came off in a grand manner..
( come off = happen successfully / satisfactorily )
4. My fifth book will come out next month.
( come out = to be published )
5.Come on, you can easily learn driving.
( come on is used for encouragement ). 25 April 2018
And now some idiomatic uses of COME :
1. The old building suddenly came a cropper.
( come a cropper = collapse / fall )
2. They came to blows before I could intervene.
( come to blows = start fighting violently )
3. The political crisis is coming to a head.
( come to a head = culminate / end )
4. The leader’s speech came in for serious criticism by the opposition.
( come in for = cause negative reaction )
5. This small book comes in handy for quick study.
( come in handy = to be easy to use / to be useful ) –27April 2018
The Verb FALL also makes several Phrasal Verbs . For instance
1. The old building fell apart for want of timely repairs.
( fall apart = break into pieces / collapse )
2. Selfish friends often fall away in adversity.
( fall away = end friendship / leave )
3. The crowd fell back as the mad dog approached.
( fall back = move back )
4. He fell behind in studies because he often skipped classes.
( fall behind = fail to keep up / not to make progress )
5.. After his marriage he soon realized he had fallen for the wrong woman.
( fall for = choose hastily / fall foolishly in love with )- 28 April 2018
Some more Phrasal Verbs made from FALL :
1. I have saved some money to fall back on in urgent need.
( fall back on = use in emergency or dire need )
2. The students fall in during the morning assembly at school,
and recite the national anthem.
( fall in = stand in a line / lines )
3. I fall in with your plan, and will cooperate with you.
( fall in with = agree or accept )
4. The have never spoken to each other since they fell out last month.
( fall out = quarrel / give up friendship )
5. The project fell through because it was not planned properly,
( fall through = fail ) 29 April 2018
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The Verb FALL also has some idiomatic uses. For instance:
- He fell foul of his best friends because of his political choice.
( fall foul of = break friendship )
- All his attempts to reconcile with his friend fell flat.
( fall flat = fail )
3 Instead of falling by the wayside, he continued his research.
( fall by the wayside = leave some work incomplete )
- He fell from grace because of his ill temper
( fall from grace = lose honour by committing a sin / doing wrong)-