The word DRIVE has several meanings. For instance
1. His laziness drives me mad.
( drive mad = annoy or irritate )
2. He drove the sheep to the field.
( drive/ drove = lead or take )
3. Our drive to Lahore was very pleasant.
( drive = journey by car )
4. He has the drive to lead .
( drive = will and energy )
5. I felt a drive to leave the room and enjoy the fresh morning air.
( drive = urge. strong feeling )
6. We joined the anti-polio drive.
( drive = movement / campaign )
7. My laptop needed a new drive.
( drive = mechanical part of a computer ).
Here are some of the uses of STAND.
1. Our house stands at the corner of the street
( stands = is situated )
2. I can’t stand such insulting remarks.
( stand = bear / tolerate )
3. He said he would stand for the seat of MNA.
( stand = contest election )
4. I bought a newspaper at the stand outside the railway station.
( stand = small roadside shop کھوکھا )
5. Could you stand me a cup of tea at that tea-stall ?
( stand = buy / get something to eat or drink ) 2 March 2018
The word SCHOOL also has more than one meanings. For instance
1. The whole school protested against the Principal’s attitude.
( school = all the students and teachers )
2. He was appointed as lecturer at the school of nuclear physics in Punjab University.
( school = a part of a university that focuses on specialized training in a subject ).
3. A school of fish moved away from the ship.
( school = large number of fish )
4. I got my early schooling at my home.
( schooling = education )
5. Keats belonged to the Romantic school of poetry.
( school = group of poets / writers / philosophers with the same ideology )
The word GIVE also has some interesting meanings . For instance
1. He was so heavy that the chair gave as he sat down on it.
( gave = collapsed , broke )
2. I don’t give a damn for your opinion .
( don’t give a damn = don’t care )
3. He gave a grand party on his birthday.
( gave = arranged )
4. The window of my bedroom gives on to the garden,
( gives on to = opens into / gives a view of )
5. In the given situation, I can’t stay here any longer.
( given = present ).
6 . Given a chance, I could resolve this issue.
( given = If I were given )
7. He was given to drugs.
( given to = addicted to )
The word STOCK generally means goods (things) in a shop. But it also has some other meanings. For instance,
1.This shop stocks only best quality cloth.
( stocks = offers for sale )
2. The cupboard was stocked with books of poetry.
( stocked with = full of )
3. He comes from farmer stock.
( stock = family )
4. That young man looks after the stock in our dairy farm.
( stock = cattle )
5. The bookseller told me the book I needed was out of stock.
( out of stock = not available in the shop )
6. Take stock of the situation before you apply for that job.
( take stock = consider / think over ) 6 March 2018
And now see how the word STATE is used in various ways.
1. The Muslim states need to be united.
( states = countries ).
2. He has been living in the States since 2005.
( the States = America / USA. Note the Capital ‘S’ in States ).
3. State schools have the same syllabus.
( state schools = government schools ).
4. He was in a state at his failure in the examination.
( in a state = upset , deeply worried or angry ).
5. He lives in state.
( in state = wealthy or dignified style / like a king ).
6. Ice becomes water in liquid state.
( state = form ).
7. He arrived at the stated time.
( stated = fixed or promised ).
A network issue caused my absence last night.
Our word for today is BREAK. Here are some interesting uses of this simple word.
1. He fell down the stairs and broke his leg.
( broke his leg = his leg was broken )
2. We have a break on Sundays.
( break = holiday )
3. Failure in business broke him.
( broke = ruined / destroyed )
4. It was Aslam who broke the news of the accident.
( broke the news = informed )
5. He broke the record in BA examination.
( broke the record = got more marks than the previous highest )
6. We decided to leave at daybreak.
( daybreak = sunrise ) ·
The word PARTY doesn’t only mean a political party. It has also some other meanings. For instance
1. The search party found the missing bag lying in the gutter.
( search party = a group of people searching for something )
2. The court dismissed the case as both the parties settled the issue between themselves.
( parties = people on two sides of a case in a court )
3. I a not a party to this quarrel.
( party = a part of )
4. We were partying near the bridge when a speeding car fell into the canal.
( partying = having a party / enjoying ).
The most common use of the word BALANCE refers to the use of cellphone, as we often say, “Sorry, yaar, couldn’t call you because I had no balance.”
But the word has some other meanings as well. For instance
1. He can’t stand up because he is too weak to keep his balance.
( balance = ability to stand upright / straight )
2. You should maintain balance between your income and expenditure.
( balance = equilibrium / not spending more than income)
3. He has a huge bank balance
( balance = amount of money in bank )
4. After paying the tax my balance came to Rs 94000.
( balance = remaining amount )
5. The accident resulted in loss of his mental balance.
( balance = normal state of mind )
6. He has a balanced personality .
( balanced = cool, unemotional )
Spent 2 days getting and installing EVO Charji (4G) device. Previously I was using EVO 3G . Quite suddenly ptcl shifted over to the 4G version. 3G was no longer operative.
Having got the 4G device, I had to go through the hassle of installing it. With the help of a local franchise I have at last managed to resolve the issue.
Will, InshaALLAH , resume our class around this time tomorrow.
Here are some interesting uses of the word BACK.
1. I hold back nothing from my parents.
(hold back = hide / conceal)
2. I would have abused him , but my education held me back.
( hold back = stop / restrain )
3. This happened 5 years back.
( back = ago / before )
4. The two parties have backdoor relationship. .
( backdoor = secret )
5. Do you think your team can make a comeback ?
( comeback = recover / regain earlier position ).
6. I would like to see the back of you.
( see the back of someone = asking someone to leave )
Let PACK be our word for today. Here are some interesting uses of this word.
1. I bought a pack of cigarettes from the shop across the road.
( pack = packet )
2. He put a pack of cards on the table, and invited me to play.
( pack = set of 52 playing cards ) (, تاش کی گڈی )
3. He has a good pack of hunting dogs.
( pack = group of dogs )
4. This medicine is now available in a new packing.
( packing = bottle or box )
5. The hall was packed to hear the leader’s speech.
( packed = full of people )
6. I was annoyed with his behaviour, so I sent him packing.
( sent him packing = asked him to leave )
7. She bought a new backpack for her daughter.
( backpack = schoolbag which is strapped to the back )
The word SEAT may be used in more than one ways with different meanings. For instance
1. The seat of the chair is too rough.
( seat = part of the chair on which we sit )
2. He is contesting for a seat in the parliament.
( seat = membership )
3. Delhi was the seat of the Moghul kings.
( seat = capital )
4. He seated himself in the chair near the window.
( seated himself = sat down )
5. Mr Aslam was in the driving seat of this company before he retired,
( in the driving seat = head )
6. I have got a seat on the committee for education.
( seat = membership . Note that we say ‘on’ the committee, not ‘in’ the committee.
Let’s take a look at some interesting uses of the word STEP.
1. The first step of learning a language is to know its alphabet.
( step = stage )
2. I came down the steps to meet him.
( steps = stairs )
3. Do you know the steps of Khattak dance ?
( steps = method of dancing )
4. His ideas were in step with mine.
( in step with = similar )
5. Seeing me coming to the door, he stepped aside.
( stepped aside = cleared the way )
6. The Education Minister stepped down after the scandal came to light.
( stepped down = resigned )
The word STOP is not so simple as it looks. It is used in various ways for various purposes. For instance.
1. Our next stop was Sargodha.
( stop = the place to stop )
2. His charity ( سخاوت ) stops at his own family.
( stops = is limited to )
3. I shall stop at nothing to achieve my aim.
( stop at nothing = do anything )
4. Seeing him coming across the road, I stopped dead.
( stop dead = to stop suddenly )
5. After a stopover at Sukheki , we left for Lahore.
( stopover = a short midway stop ).
Let us take a look at some interesting uses of the word DOOR.
1. He lives three doors to the left of us.
(doors = houses )
2. I answered the door and welcomed the guests.
( answer the door = to open the door and see who has rung the bell )
3. The decision was made behind closed doors.
( behind closed doors = secretly )
4. He was shown the door for his negligence.
( shown the door = dismissed from service / sacked )
5. I usually stay indoors after sunset.
( indoors = at home )
As you might have seen, we have now moved one step forward. From studying various meanings of isolated words, we are now studying the various meanings of words in Phrases. A Phrase is a group of words with a single meaning. The meaning is different from the meanings of the individual words in the Phrase. For instance ” answered the door ” in the second sentence is a Phrase.
The sentences given below show phrases based on the word BOOK.
1. In my book Allama Iqbal was the greatest poet of the last century.
( in my book = in my opinion )
2. The bank manager was arrested for cooking the books.
( cooking the books = committing fraud in accounts )
3. The army acts by the book.
( by the book = strictly according to the rules )
4. Taking a leaf from my father’s book, I became a teacher.
( taking a leaf from my father’s book = following my father’s example / acting like my father )
5. Qaddafi Stadium is booked full for the PSL match.
( booked full = all the seats are booked )
Now see the word MAN in various phrases :
1. I am man enough to do this work alone.
( man enough = competent / able )
2. Being too shy, he is a man’s man.
( man’s man = liked by men, but not popular among ladies )
3. We are united to a man.
( to a man = all )
4. The man in the street knows nothing about computer technology.
( man in the street = common man )
5. As he is a man about town, he will surely welcome us.
( man about town = very social )
6. A man of the world can’t be unaware of the current political situation.
( a man of the world = seasoned / experienced man ).
The word ROAD is also used in phrases. For instance
1. Around 5 am I hit the road.
( hit the road = started a journey )
2. His promotion as Principal is the end of the road for him
( end of the road = last step )
3. It was nice tea. I would like to have one for the road.
( one for the road = a cup or glass of drink before leaving the house )
4. After dismissal from service he is out on the road .
( out on the road = jobless / unemployed )
5. He talked about his road map in business.
( road map = plan )
Quite a number of phrases are formed around the word WAY. For instance :
1. As is the way, people don’t look at their own faults.
( As is the way = generally / usually )
2. His success was celebrated in a big way.
( in a big way = with great pomp and show )
3. I said this by way of a joke.
( by way of = as / like )
4. It was a big problem, but I managed to find a way out.
( way out = solution )
5. You can’t have your own way in matters of love.
( have your own way = do as you like / get what you like )
6. At last he gave way to my suggestion .
( gave way to = accepted / surrendered to ).
Speaking of the word OVER may take two or three posts as this word is used in quite a number of ways. First let us see some combinations of OVER with other words :
1. His talking of his troubles is just overacting.
( overacting = too emotional )
2. He could not overcome his difficulties.
( overcome = control / get over )
3. I overheard their quarrel as I was passing through the street.
( overhear = to hear someone without being seen )
4. Most of our TV talk shows are an overkill.
( overkill = unrealistic / exaggerated )
5. I have to oversee the work on my new house.
( oversee = supervise / watch )
6. While overtaking a truck, the bus hit a tractor coming from the opposite side .
( overtaking = passing )
Some more combinations of the word OVER with other words :
1. Sher Shah Suri overthrew King Humayun and became king of India.
( overthrew = removed by force )
2. The speeding truck hit a tree and overturned,
( overturned = fell upside down )
3. He overdoes talking about his wealth.
( overdoes = exaggerates )
4. As the bus was overloaded, I did not get on it, and started waiting for the next bus.
( overloaded = carrying more passengers than seats )
5. Nobody can become rich overnight.
( overnight = suddenly / quickly )
6. This old car needs overhauling.
( overhauling = cleaning and repairs ).
Come to think of it, there are many more combinations of the word OVER with other words. For instance :
1. Let us take an overall view of the situation.
( overall = as a whole )
2. You look overworked. Please relax.
( overworked = tired after working too hard )
3. She was overwhelmed with sorrow at the death of her sister.
( overwhelmed = strongly affected )
4. Sorry for oversight. I left my cellphone on your table.
( oversight = neglect / forgetfulness )
5.The branches of the tree overhang the wall .
( overhang = extend across / cover )
Our business with OVER is no yet over. Here are some more combinations of OVER :
1. The labourer put on his overalls and went out to work.
( overalls = shirt and trousers made of a single piece of cloth.ڈانگری )
2. The bus was overcrowded , so I could not get a seat.
( overcrowded = carrying more passengers than capacity )
3. I got Rs 5000 as overtime payment .
( overtime = extra time )
4. He was fined for overdue gas bill.
( overdue = paid / done after due date )
5. I do not like to be overlorded by an equal.
( overlorded = ruled / controlled ).
And now some phrases formed with OVER:
1. I read that letter over and over again.
( over and over = repeatedly )
2. You should mull over this matter before taking a decision.
( mull over = think deeply )
3. From PPP he crossed over to PTI.
( cross over = shift from one party to another )
4. When the boss asked him to sign the letter, he said , ” Over my dead body. “
( Over my dead body = not at all )